Effect of beam web bolt arrangement on catenary behaviour of moment connections

Ling Li, Wei Wang*, Yiyi Chen, Yong Lu

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract / Description of output

In a column-removal scenario for a building structure, the catenary action will play an essential role for the frame in resisting a progressive collapse. This paper investigates the catenary behaviour of welded unreinforced flangebolted web connections (i.e. WUF-B connection) in plane frames by means of full-scale testing and numerical simulation. Two different layouts of bolts at the beam web were considered, with four bolts arranged in one row or two rows in the two specimens, respectively. The results demonstrate that both specimens of the WUF-B moment connection were able to develop an effective catenary action via the bolted web following the primary flexural phase. The failure modes of the bolted web vary with different bolt arrangements under the catenary action. When all (four) bolts were arranged in one row, the lowest bolt bearing area on the web tends to be compressed to fracture before bolt tear-out failure occurs near the weld access hole. When the bolts were arranged in two rows, however, the shear tab cracked at the section across the bolt holes. The former failure mode is deemed to be more robust than the latter under a column removal scenario. (C) 2014 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)22-36
Number of pages15
JournalJournal of Constructional Steel Research
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2015

Keywords / Materials (for Non-textual outputs)

  • Progressive collapse
  • Catenary action
  • WUF-B connection
  • Experiment
  • Numerical simulation
  • Bolts
  • Fracture


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