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In this paper, the effect of MPEG audio compression on HMM-based speech synthesis is studied. Speech signals are encoded with various compression rates and analyzed using the GlottHMM vocoder. Objective evaluation results show that the vocoder parameters start to degrade from encoding with bit-rates of 32 kbit/s or less, which is also confirmed by the subjective evaluation of the vocoder analysis-synthesis quality. Experiments with HMM-based speech synthesis show that the subjective quality of a synthetic voice trained with 32 kbit/s speech is comparable to a voice trained with uncompressed speech, but lower bit rates induce clear degradation in quality.
|Title of host publication||INTERSPEECH 2013 14th Annual Conference of the International Speech Communication Association|
|Publisher||International Speech Communication Association|
|Number of pages||5|
|Publication status||Published - 2013|
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1/11/11 → 31/10/14