Effect of vagotomy and vagal cooling on bronchoconstrictor response to substance P in sheep

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Abstract

The bronchoconstrictor effect of intravenous substance P can be antagonised by atropine pre-treatment in several species, and we have previously reported this finding in anaesthetised sheep. In the present study, we have assessed the effect of cooling the right vagus after sectioning the left vagus (n = 6), and bilateral vagotomy (n = 7) on the bronchoconstrictor response to a single intravenous dose of substance P (SP) (0.3-1.0 mumol/kg) in anaesthetized female sheep aged 6 to 12 months. Respiratory parameters including tidal volume, flow and transpulmonary pressure pressure were measured, from which pulmonary resistance (RL; cmH2O.1(-1).s) and dynamic compliance (CDyn; ml.cmH2O(-1) were calculated. Systemic arterial pressures were also measured. Vagal cooling significantly attenuated the bronchoconstrictor response to SP at 7 degrees C (RL P < 0.01; Cdyn P < 0.001). A further reduction in the response to SP occurred at 3 degrees C, but this was not statistically significantly different from the response at 7 degrees C. Vagotomy abolished the response to SP. SP caused mild, but statistically insignificant, hypotension (119.7 vs. 107.7 mmHg). These results suggest SP causes bronchoconstriction in the anaesthetised sheep by vagal reflex mechanisms, involving stimulation of myelinated nerve fibre endings.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)71-7
Number of pages7
JournalRespiration physiology
Volume102
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Oct 1995

Keywords

  • Animals
  • Bronchi
  • Bronchoconstriction
  • Cold Temperature
  • Female
  • Infusions, Intravenous
  • Physical Stimulation
  • Respiration
  • Sheep
  • Substance P
  • Vagotomy
  • Vagus Nerve

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