Effective Penetration of a Liposomal Formulation of Bleomycin through Ex-Vivo Skin Explants from Two Different Species

Giulia Ferrari, Lisa Pang, Fabio De Moliner, Marc Vendrell, Richard Reardon, Andrew J. Higgins, Sunil Chopra, David Argyle

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Bleomycin is a chemotherapy agent that, when administered systemically, can cause severe pulmonary toxicity. Bleosome is a novel formulation of bleomycin encapsulated in ultra-deformable (UD) liposomes that may be applicable as a topical chemotherapy for diseases such as non-melanoma skin cancer. To date, the ability of Bleosome to effectively penetrate through the skin has not been
evaluated. In this study, we investigated the ability of Bleosome to penetrate through ex vivo skin explants from dogs and horses. We visualized the penetration of UD liposomes through the skin by transmission electron microscopy. However, to effectively image the drug itself we fluorescently
labeled bleomycin prior to encapsulation within liposomes and utilized multiphoton microscopy. We showed that UD liposomes do not penetrate beyond the stratum corneum, whereas bleomycin is released from UD liposomes and can penetrate to the deeper layers of the epidermis. This is the- first study to show that Bleosome can effectively penetrate through the skin. We speculate that UD
liposomes are penetration enhancers in that UD liposomes carry bleomycin through the outer skin to the stratum corneum and then release the drug, allowing diffusion into the deeper layers. Ourresults are comparative in dogs and horses and warrant further studies on the efficacy of Bleosome as topical treatment
Original languageEnglish
Article number1083
JournalCancers
Volume14
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 21 Feb 2022

Keywords

  • liposomes;
  • Bleosome;
  • Bodipy-FL;
  • topical chemotherapy;
  • skin penetration

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