Effects of a partially supervised conditioning program in cystic fibrosis: an international multicenter randomized controlled trial (ACTIVATE-CF)

ACTIVATE-CF Study Working Group

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Rationale: The long-term effects of vigorous physical activity (PA) on lung function in cystic fibrosis are unclear. Objectives: To evaluate effects of a 12-month partially supervised PA intervention using motivational feedback. Methods: In a parallel arm multicenter randomized controlled trial (ACTIVATE-CF), relatively inactive patients aged ≥12 years were randomly assigned (1:1 ratio) to an intervention group or control group. The intervention group consented to add 3 hours of vigorous PA per week, while the control group was asked not to change their PA behavior. Primary endpoint was change in percent predicted forced expiratory volume in 1s (ΔFEV1) at 6 months. Secondary endpoints included PA, exercise capacity, exercise motives, time to first exacerbation and exacerbation rates, quality of life, anxiety, depression, and stress, and blood glucose control. Data were analyzed using mixed linear models. Measurements and Main Results: 117 patients (40% of target sample size) were randomized to an intervention (n=60) or control group (n=57). After 6 months, ΔFEV1 was significantly higher in the control group compared to the intervention group (2.70% predicted, 95% CI 0.13 to 5.26; p=0.04). The intervention group reported increased vigorous PA compared with the control group at each study visit, had higher exercise capacity at 6 and 12 months, and higher PA at 12 months. No effects were seen in other secondary outcomes. Conclusions: ACTIVATE-CF increased vigorous PA and exercise capacity, with effects carried over for the subsequent 6 months, but resulted in better FEV1 in the control group.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)330-339
Number of pages10
JournalAmerican Journal of Respiratory and Critical Care Medicine
Volume205
Issue number3
Early online date4 Nov 2021
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Feb 2022

Keywords

  • cystic fibrosis
  • exercise program
  • physical activity
  • exercise capacity
  • randomized controlled trial

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