Effects of ACTH, dexamethasone, and adrenalectomy on 11beta-hydroxylase (CYP11B1) and aldosterone synthase (CYP11B2) gene expression in the rat central nervous system

Ping Ye, Christopher J Kenyon, Scott M Mackenzie, Katherine Nichol, Jonathan R Seckl, Robert Fraser, John M C Connell, Eleanor Davies

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Using a highly sensitive quantitative RT-PCR method for the measurement of CYP11B1 (11beta-hydroxylase) and CYP11B2 (aldosterone synthase) mRNAs, we previously demonstrated that CYP11B2 expression in the central nervous system (CNS) is subject to regulation by dietary sodium. We have now quantified the expression of these genes in the CNS of male Wistar Kyoto (WKY) rats in response to systemic ACTH infusion, dexamethasone infusion, and to adrenalectomy. CYP11B1 and CYP11B2 mRNA levels were measured in total RNA isolated from the adrenal gland and discrete brain regions using real-time quantitative RT-PCR. ACTH infusion (40 ng/day for 7 days, N=8) significantly increased CYP11B1 mRNA in the adrenal gland, hypothalamus, and cerebral cortex compared with animals infused with vehicle only. ACTH infusion decreased adrenal CYP11B2 expression but increased expression in all of the CNS regions except the cortex. Dexamethasone (10 microg/day for 7 days, N=8) reduced adrenal CYP11B1 mRNA compared with control animals but had no significant effect on either gene's expression in the CNS. Adrenalectomy (N=6 per group) significantly increased CYP11B1 expression in the hippocampus and hypothalamus and raised CYP11B2 expression in the cerebellum relative to sham-operated animals. This study confirms the transcription of CYP11B1 and CYP11B2 throughout the CNS and demonstrates that gene transcription is subject to differential regulation by ACTH and circulating corticosteroid levels.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)305-11
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Endocrinology
Volume196
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2008

Keywords

  • Adrenal Glands
  • Adrenalectomy
  • Adrenocorticotropic Hormone
  • Aldosterone Synthase
  • Animals
  • Brain
  • Dexamethasone
  • Gene Expression
  • Glucocorticoids
  • Infusion Pumps
  • Male
  • RNA, Messenger
  • Rats
  • Rats, Inbred WKY
  • Reverse Transcriptase Polymerase Chain Reaction
  • Steroid 11-beta-Hydroxylase

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