Effects of Metal Ions on Fibroblasts and Spiral Ganglion Cells

G. Paasche*, P. Ceschi, M. Loebler, C. Roesl, P. Gomes, A. Hahn, H. W. Rohm, K. Sternberg, T. Lenarz, K. -P. Schmitz, S. Barcikowski, T. Stoever

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Degeneration of spiral ganglion cells (SGC) after deafness and fibrous tissue growth around the electrode carrier after cochlear implantation are two of the major challenges in current cochlear implant research. Metal ions are known to possess antimicrobial and anti-proliferative potential. The use of metal ions could therefore provide a way to reduce tissue growth around the electrode array after cochlear implantation. Here, we report on in vitro experiments with different concentrations of metal salts with antiproliferative and toxic effects on fibroblasts, PC-12 cells, and freshly isolated spiral ganglion cells, the target cells for electrical stimulation by a cochlear implant. Standard cell lines (NIH/3T3 and L-929 fibroblasts and PC-12 cells) and freshly isolated SGC were incubated with concentrations of metal ions between 0.3 mu mol/liter and 10 mmol/liter for 48 hr. Cell survival was investigated by neutral red uptake, Cell-QuantiBlue assay, or counting of stained surviving neurons. Silver ions exhibited distinct thresholds for proliferating and confluent cells. For zinc ions, the effective concentration was lower for fibroblasts than for PC-12 cells. SGC showed comparable thresholds for reduced cell survival not only for silver and zinc ions but also for copper(II) ions, indicating that these ions might be promising for reducing tissue growth on the surface of Cl electrode arrays. These effects were also observed when combinations of two of these ions were investigated. (C) 2011 Wiley-Liss, Inc.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)611-617
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Neuroscience Research
Volume89
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2011

Keywords

  • cell viability
  • inner ear
  • cochlear implant
  • cell proliferation
  • MODIFIED ELECTRODE SURFACES
  • COCHLEAR IMPLANT PATIENTS
  • IN-VITRO
  • INTRACOCHLEAR CORTICOSTEROIDS
  • POSTOPERATIVE IMPEDANCES
  • CYTOTOXICITY
  • COMPOSITES
  • TOXICITY
  • ARRAYS
  • ZINC

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