The effects of oestradiol, oxytocin, progesterone and hydrocortisone in vitro on prostaglandin (PG) output from guinea-pig endometrium, removed on days 7 and 15 of the oestrous cycle and maintained in tissue culture for 3 days, have been investigated. Oestradiol (3.7 to 3700 nM) and oxytocin (2 to 200 pM) did not stimulate endometrial PGF2 alpha output, thus not confirming the findings of a previous report (Leaver & Seawright, 1982), nor did they stimulate the outputs of PGE2 and 6-keto-PGF1 alpha. In fact, oestradiol (3700 nM) inhibited the outputs of PGF2 alpha, PGE2 and, to a lesser extent, 6-keto-PGF1 alpha. Progesterone (3.2 to 3200 nM) inhibited the outputs of PGF2 alpha and PGE2; hydrocortisone (2.8 to 2800 nM) had no effect on endometrial PG output. These findings indicate that the inhibitory effect of progesterone on endometrial PG synthesis and release in the guinea-pig is not due to progesterone having a glucocorticoid-like action. Furthermore, progesterone had no effect on 6-keto-PGF1 alpha output, suggesting that the mechanisms controlling endometrial PGI2 synthesis (as reflected by measuring 6-keto-PGF1 alpha) are different from those controlling endometrial PGF2 alpha and PGE2 synthesis.
|Number of pages||16|
|Publication status||Published - Oct 1987|