Effects of preferred hand and sex on the perception of tactile simultaneity

G Geffen, V Rosa, M Luciano

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The effects of handedness, sex and the influence of hand placement in extrapersonal space on temporal information processing was investigated by measuring thresholds for perceiving the simultaneity of pairs of tactile stimuli. Simultaneity thresholds of preferred right handed and left handed university students with left hemisphere speech representation were compared using unimanual and bimanual stimulation at three hand placements (midline, lateral and crossed). In unimanual conditions two fingers of one hand were stimulated (single hemisphere), whereas in the bimanual conditions one finger of each hand was stimulated (cross hemispheres). Bimanual minus unimanual thresholds provided an estimate of interhemisphere transmission time (IHTT) regardless of hand placement. The effects of hemispace varied with the type of stimulation. With unimanual stimulation, overall thresholds were longer at the midline placement, however, with bimanual stimulation, thresholds were longer when the hands were spatially separated (crossed and/or uncrossed). Left handers' IHTTs were 8 ms faster than those of right handers. IHTTs in males were faster than females with hands placed in lateral (by 10.8 ms) or crossed (by 9.8 ms) but not midline positions. It was concluded that the cerebral hemispheres are equally capable of discriminating temporal intervals, but that the left hemisphere predominates when there is uncertainty about location of stimulation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)219-231
Number of pages13
JournalJournal of clinical and experimental neuropsychology
Volume22
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2000

Keywords

  • HUMAN CORPUS-CALLOSUM
  • INTERHEMISPHERIC-TRANSFER
  • HEMISPHERIC ASYMMETRIES
  • TEMPORAL RESOLUTION
  • STIMULI
  • DIFFERENCE
  • HEMISPACE
  • ISTHMUS
  • TIME
  • PEST

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