Efficacy of a 0.0584% hydrocortisone aceponate spray in the management of canine atopic dermatitis: a randomised, double blind, placebo-controlled trial

Tim Nuttall, Ralf Mueller, Emmanuel Bensignor, Maite Verde, Chiara Noli, Vanessa Schmidt, Christophe Rème

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

This study evaluated a 0.0584% hydrocortisone aceponate (HCA) spray (Cortavance; Virbac SA, Carros, France) in canine atopic dermatitis (AD). Initially, dogs with a canine AD extent and severity index (CADESI-03) >or= 50 were randomly allocated to receive HCA (n = 15) or placebo (n = 13) (two sprays from 10 cm away to treat an area of 100 cm(2)) once daily for 28 days. Twenty-one of the dogs then received HCA spray once daily, reducing to every other day or twice weekly over 42 days if improvement was maintained. CADESI, pruritus (14 cm visual-analogue-scale) and owner satisfaction (5-point scale) were recorded every 14 days. Haematology, biochemistry and adrenocorticotrophic hormone stimulation were performed at baseline, d28 and d70 (HCA n = 9; placebo n = 7). Intention-to-treat data were analysed. HCA spray significantly decreased CADESI (-61.4% versus -13.4%, P = 0.0069) and pruritus (-38.8% versus +57.6%, P = 0.0015) at d28 compared to placebo. Scores were significantly decreased at d14 (CADESI -50.5%, P <0.0021) and d28 (CADESI P <0.0001; pruritus P = 0.018) compared to baseline following HCA but not placebo. At d28 11 of 15 and 7 of 15 HCA dogs had >or= 50% reductions in CADESI and pruritus compared to 3 of 13 (P = 0.02) and 1 of 13 (P = 0.04) placebo dogs. Owner satisfaction scores were significantly higher in the HCA group (d28 P = 0.0001). Daily 3 of the 21 dogs required daily maintenance therapy, 7 every other day, 6 twice weekly and 5 dogs required additional therapy. Coat length did not influence the results. No adverse effects or changes to blood parameters were noted. HCA spray proved safe and effective up to 70 days. It is not, however, licensed for long-term treatment.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)191-8
Number of pages8
JournalVeterinary Dermatology
Volume20
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2009

Keywords

  • Animals
  • Dermatitis, Atopic
  • Dermatologic Agents
  • Dog Diseases
  • Dogs
  • Double-Blind Method
  • Female
  • Follow-Up Studies
  • Hydrocortisone
  • Male
  • Pruritus
  • Severity of Illness Index
  • Treatment Outcome

Fingerprint

Dive into the research topics of 'Efficacy of a 0.0584% hydrocortisone aceponate spray in the management of canine atopic dermatitis: a randomised, double blind, placebo-controlled trial'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this