Efficiency of temporal order discrimination as an indicator of bradyphrenia in Parkinson's disease: the inspection time loop task

Beverly Shipley, I J Deary, J Tan, G Christie, John Starr

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract / Description of output

To investigate the bradyphrenia hypothesis of Parkinson's disease (PD), 32 patients undertook an information-processing task which measured their efficiency of temporal order discrimination, Their performance was compared with 31 non-PD controls matched on age, sex, years of full-time education and pre-morbid IQ. The task was novel and designed to be sensitive to the clinical phenomenon of bradyphrenia (slowing of mental abilities), in the context of temporal order discrimination without confounding from motor ability deficits. The test (the inspection time loop tasks ITloop) required judgements as to the temporal sequence of four single letters. The stimulus duration of the letters in each sequence ranged from 100 to 700ms. The PD group had a significantly lower mean score on the ITloop task than did controls (P = 0.02). PD patients perform more poorly on temporal order discrimination judgements even when the task makes no motor demands. (C) 2002 Elsevier Science Ltd. All rights reserved.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1488-1493
Number of pages6
JournalNeuropsychologia
Volume40
Issue number8
Publication statusPublished - 2002

Keywords / Materials (for Non-textual outputs)

  • Parkinson's disease
  • dopamine
  • inspection time
  • information processing
  • mental-speed
  • backward masking
  • COGNITIVE FUNCTION
  • FRONTAL-LOBE
  • MEMORY
  • INTELLIGENCE
  • IMPAIRMENTS
  • LEVODOPA
  • DEFICITS

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