The elastic moduli, elastic anisotropy coefficients, sound velocities and Poisson's ratio of hcp solid helium have been calculated using density functional theory in generalized gradient approximation (up to 30 TPa), and pair + triple semiempirical potentials (up to 100 GPa). Zero-point vibrations have been treated in the Debye approximation assuming He-4 isotope (we exclude the quantum- crystal region at very low pressures from consideration). Both methods give a reasonable agreement with the available experimental data. Our calculations predict significant elastic anisotropy of helium (Delta P approximate to 1.14, Delta S-1 approximate to 1.7, Delta S-2 approximate to 0.93 at low pressures). Under terapascal (TPa) pressures helium becomes more elastically isotropic. At the metallization point, there is a sharp feature in the elastic modulus C-S, which is the stiffness with respect to the isochoric change of the c/a ratio. This is connected with the previously obtained sharp minimum of the c/a ratio at the metallization point. Our calculations confirm the previously measured decrease of the Poisson's ratio with increasing pressure. This is not a quantum effect, as the same sign of the pressure effect was obtained when we disregarded zero-point vibrations. At TPa pressures, Poisson's ratio reaches the value of 0.31 at the theoretical metallization point (V-mol = 0.228 cm(3)/mol, p = 17.48 TPa) and 0.29 at 30 TPa. For p = 0, we predict a Poisson's ratio of 0.38, which is in excellent agreement with the low-p-low-T experimental data.
|Number of pages||11|
|Journal||Physical review B: Condensed matter and materials physics|
|Publication status||Published - 2 Jul 2015|