Electromagnetic signatures of far-field gravitational radiation in the 1+3 approach

Alvin J. K. Chua, Priscilla Cañizares, Jonathan R. Gair

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Gravitational waves from astrophysical sources can interact with background electromagnetic fields, giving rise to distinctive and potentially detectable electromagnetic signatures. In this paper, we study such interactions for far-field gravitational radiation using the 1+3 approach to relativity. Linearised equations for the electromagnetic field on perturbed Minkowski space are derived and solved analytically. The inverse Gertsenshtein conversion of gravitational waves in a static electromagnetic field is rederived, and the resultant electromagnetic radiation is shown to be significant for highly magnetised pulsars in compact binary systems. We also obtain a variety of nonlinear interference effects for interacting gravitational and electromagnetic waves, although wave-wave resonances previously described in the literature are absent when the electric-magnetic self-interaction is taken into account. The fluctuation and amplification of electromagnetic energy flux as the gravitational wave strength increases towards the gravitational-electromagnetic frequency ratio is a possible signature of gravitational radiation from extended astrophysical sources.
Original languageEnglish
Article number015011
JournalClassical and quantum gravity
Volume32
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 5 Dec 2014

Keywords

  • gr-qc
  • astro-ph.HE

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