Abstract / Description of output
The electron screening in the d(d, p)t reaction has been studied for the deuterated metal Pt at a sample temperature T = 20 degrees C-340 degrees C and for Co at T = 20 degrees C and 200 degrees C. The enhanced electron screening decreases with increasing temperature, where the data agree with the plasma model of Debye applied to the quasi-free metallic electrons. The data represent the first observation of a temperature dependence of a nuclear cross section. We also measured the screening effect for the deuterated metal Ti (an element of group 4 of the periodic table) at T = -10 degrees C-200 degrees C: above 50 degrees C, the hydrogen solubility dropped to values far below 1 and a large screening effect became observable. Similarly, all metals of groups 3 and 4 and the lanthanides showed a solubility of a few per cent at T = 200 degrees C (compared to T = 20 degrees C) and a large screening also became observable. Within the Debye model, the deduced number of valence electrons per metallic atom agrees with the corresponding number from the Hall coefficient, for all metals investigated.
|Number of pages||9|
|Journal||Journal of Physics G: Nuclear and Particle Physics|
|Publication status||Published - Nov 2005|
Keywords / Materials (for Non-textual outputs)
- D+D FUSION REACTIONS