Background: Akt/PKB is a serine/threonine kinase that has attracted much attention because of its central role in regulating cell proliferation, survival, motility and angiogenesis. Activation of Akt in breast cancer portends aggressive tumour behaviour, resistance to hormone-, chemo-, and radiotherapy-induced apoptosis and it is correlated with decreased overall survival. Recent studies have identified novel tumor-specific substrates of Akt that may provide new diagnostic and prognostic markers and serve as therapeutic targets. This study was undertaken to identify pAkt-interacting proteins and to assess their biological roles in breast cancer cells.
Results: We confirmed that one of the pAkt-interacting proteins is the Elongation Factor EF1 alpha. EF1 alpha contains a putative Akt phosphorylation site, but is not phosphorylated by pAkt1 or pAkt2, suggesting that it may function as a modulator of pAkt activity. Indeed, downregulation of EF1 alpha expression by siRNAs led to markedly decreased expression of pAkt1 and to less extent of pAkt2 and was associated with reduced proliferation, survival and invasion of HCC1937 cells. Proliferation and survival was further reduced by combining EF1a siRNAs with specific pAkt inhibitors whereas EF1 alpha downregulation slightly attenuated the decreased invasion induced by Akt inhibitors.
Conclusion: We show here that EF1 alpha is a pAkt-interacting protein which regulates pAkt levels. Since EF1a is often overexpressed in breast cancer, the consequences of EF1 alpha increased levels for proliferation, survival and invasion will likely depend on the relative concentration of Akt1 and Akt2.
- EPITHELIAL-MESENCHYMAL TRANSITION
- ACTIN-BINDING PROTEIN
- MAMMARY ADENOCARCINOMA
- FACTOR EEF1A2