Embryo survival and conceptus growth after reciprocal embryo transfer between Chinese Meishan and Landrace x Large White gilts

C J Ashworth, C S Haley, R P Aitken, I Wilmut

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Embryos were transferred between Meishan and Landrace x Large White (control) gilts on Day 4 or 5 to establish approximately equal numbers of all four possible combinations of donor breed and recipient breed. The breed of the donor gilt significantly (P less than 0.01) affected embryo survival with 44.5% of transferred Meishan embryos and 69.6% of transferred control embryos surviving to Day 30 +/- 1. There was no influence of the breed of the recipient gilt on the proportion of embryos which survived. These differences in embryo survival between the two breeds could not be explained by differences in (1) the number of embryos transferred, (2) the stage of development of the embryos transferred, (3) the interval between ovulation and transfer or (4) the degree of asynchrony between donor and recipient gilt. On Day 30 +/- 1 embryos from control donors developed into longer fetuses (P less than 0.01) with larger allantoic sacs (P less than 0.05) than did embryos from Meishan donors. Fetuses in control recipients were longer (P less than 0.01), heavier (P less than 0.001) and had larger allantoic sacs (P less than 0.05) than fetuses occupying Meishan uteri. The interaction between breed of donor gilt and breed of recipient gilt did not significantly affect conceptus growth. These results suggest that Meishan pig embryos may be less tolerant to routine embryo transfer procedures than those of control gilts, that the genotype of the dam does not affect the proportion of embryos surviving to Day 30 +/- 1, and that both fetal and maternal factors affect conceptus growth.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)595-603
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of reproduction and fertility
Volume90
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - Nov 1990

Keywords

  • Animals
  • Embryo Transfer
  • Embryo, Mammalian
  • Embryonic and Fetal Development
  • Female
  • Fertility
  • Fetal Death
  • Pregnancy
  • Swine

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