Porcine circovirus (PCV) type 2b (PCV2b) emerged in North America in 2005-2006. During May of 2012, PCVAD occurred in 10-18-week-old pigs in two farms within a production system that routinely vaccinated against PCV2. Both farms received replacement gilts from the same multiplier. A mutant PCV2b strain not previously present in North America was identified. The strain was found to be 99.9% identical to a recently described mutant PCV2 isolate reported in China in 2010 and thought to be more virulent than classical PCV2a or PCV2b strains. It is possible that the current PCV2a-based commercial vaccines are not fully protective against this new strain. In addition, emerging porcine parvovirus type 2 (PPV2) was detected in 55% of the serum samples (73/132), perhaps implying that PPV2 could be a cofactor in cases of PCVAD.