Emotional intelligence and nurse recruitment: Rasch and confirmatory factor analysis of the trait emotional intelligence questionnaire short form

Austyn Snowden, Roger Watson, Rosie Stenhouse, Claire Hale

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Aim
To examine the construct validity of the Trait Emotional Intelligence Questionnaire Short form.
Background
Emotional intelligence involves the identification and regulation of our own emotions and the emotions of others. It is therefore a potentially useful construct in the investigation of recruitment and retention in nursing and many
questionnaires have been constructed to measure it.
Design.
Secondary analysis of existing dataset of responses to Trait Emotional Intelligence Questionnaire Short form using concurrent application of Rasch analysis and confirmatory factor analysis.
Method. First year undergraduate nursing and computing students completed Trait Emotional Intelligence Questionnaire-Short Form in September 2013. Responses were analysed by synthesising results of Rasch analysis and confirmatory factor analysis.
Results.
Participants (N = 938) completed Trait Emotional Intelligence Questionnaire Short form. Rasch analysis showed the majority of the Trait Emotional Intelligence Questionnaire-Short Form items made a unique contribution to the latent trait of emotional intelligence. Five items did not fit the model and differential item functioning (gender) accounted for this misfit.
Confirmatory factor analysis revealed a four-factor structure consisting of: self confidence, empathy, uncertainty and social connection. All five misfitting items from the Rasch analysis belonged to the ‘social connection’ factor.
Conclusions.
The concurrent use of Rasch and factor analysis allowed for novel interpretation of Trait Emotional Intelligence Questionnaire Short form. Much of the response variation in Trait Emotional Intelligence Questionnaire Short form can be accounted for by the social connection factor. Implications for practice are discussed.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2936-2949
Number of pages14
JournalJournal of Advanced Nursing
Volume71
Issue number12
Early online date12 Aug 2015
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2015

Keywords

  • Rasch analysis
  • factor analysis
  • gender
  • nursing
  • Emotional Intelligence (EI)

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