Enalapril (MK421) and its lysine analogue (MK521): a comparison of acute and chronic effects on blood pressure, renin-angiotensin system and sodium excretion in normal man

G P Hodsman, J R Zabludowski, C Zoccali, R Fraser, J J Morton, G D Murray, J I Robertson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The immediate and long-term effects of enalapril (MK421) and its lysine analogue (MK521) in once-daily dosage, were compared in a study of 12 normal subjects. Both compounds lowered blood pressure equally throughout 24 h without causing tachycardia. The biochemical changes with MK521 were more sustained than with MK421, but this did not affect the magnitude of blood pressure reduction. Twenty-four hours after the previous dose, with both active drugs, plasma renin concentration was significantly higher on day 8 than on day 1, though angiotensin I did not increase in proportion; this probably reflects a fall in renin-substrate with prolonged converting enzyme inhibition. There was an early natriuresis with each compound but this effect was no longer apparent after 8 days of continuous therapy. Both MK421 and MK521 were well tolerated with no serious side effects.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)233-41
Number of pages9
JournalBritish Journal of Clinical Pharmacology
Volume17
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - Mar 1984

Keywords

  • Adult
  • Blood Pressure
  • Dipeptides
  • Dose-Response Relationship, Drug
  • Electrolytes
  • Enalapril
  • Heart Rate
  • Humans
  • Lisinopril
  • Male
  • Natriuresis
  • Renin-Angiotensin System
  • Time Factors

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