Endotoxin-induced changes in expression of cyclooxygenase isoforms in the lamellar tissue of extracorporeally haemoperfused equine limbs

Bianca Patan-Zugaj, Monika Egerbacher, Theresia F Licka

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Angiogenesis and sepsis-related equine laminitis have several features in common. Both events can be induced by endotoxin (lipopolysaccharide- LPS) and both are associated with increased expression of the enzyme cyclooxygenase (COX), of which two isoforms (COX-1 and COX-2) exist. To examine the causal relationship between LPS exposure and COX expression and to investigate the tissue distribution of COX in the LPS-exposed tissue, the technique of extracorporeal haemoperfusion of isolated equine forelimbs was utilized. Perfusion was performed for 10 hr under physiological conditions (control-perfused limbs, n = 5) and with addition of 80 ng/L of endotoxin (LPS-perfused limbs; n = 5). After perfusion, samples of lamellar tissue were collected from the dorsal aspect of the hoof wall. Additional control samples were collected from three non-perfused limbs. Immunohistochemical analysis was performed using antibodies against COX-1 and COX-2, and intensity of immunohistochemical staining was scored for each isoform. In the lamellar tissue of control- and LPS-perfused limbs, there was no significant difference in COX-1 staining intensity and distribution, whereas COX-2 expression was significantly increased in LPS-perfused limbs (especially in endothelial cells, fibroblasts and intravasal leucocytes as well as in epidermal basal cells at the base of the primary epidermal lamellae). These results suggest that COX-2 and its metabolites are involved in the initiation of pathological changes seen in sepsis-associated events such as sepsis-related laminitis. In such cases, COX-2 could therefore be an important therapeutic target; however, early therapy may be required as increase in COX-2 expression occurs within 10 hr after LPS exposure.

Original languageEnglish
JournalAnatomia, Histologia, Embryologia
Early online date27 Nov 2019
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 27 Nov 2019


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