Enduring Links From Childhood Mathematics and Reading Achievement to Adult Socioeconomic Status

Stuart J Ritchie, Timothy C Bates

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract / Description of output

Understanding the determinants of socioeconomic status (SES) is an important economic and social goal. Several major influences on SES are known, yet much of the variance in SES remains unexplained. In a large, population-representative sample from the United Kingdom, we tested the effects of mathematics and reading achievement at age 7 on attained SES by age 42. Mathematics and reading ability both had substantial positive associations with adult SES, above and beyond the effects of SES at birth, and with other important factors, such as intelligence. Achievement in mathematics and reading was also significantly associated with intelligence scores, academic motivation, and duration of education. These findings suggest effects of improved early mathematics and reading on SES attainment across the life span.
Original languageEnglish
JournalPsychological Science
Early online date2 May 2013
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2013

Keywords / Materials (for Non-textual outputs)

  • IQ
  • Heritability
  • Education
  • Dyslexia
  • Mathematics

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