Energy Efficient Register Renaming

Gurhan Kucuk, Oguz Ergin, Dmitry Ponomarev, Kanad Ghose

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Abstract

Modern microprocessor designs implement register renaming using register alias tables (RATs), which maintain the mapping between architectural and physical registers. Because of the non-trivial power that is dissipated in a disproportionately small area, the power density in the RAT is significantly higher than in some other datapath components. In this paper, we propose mechanisms to reduce the RAT power and the power density by exploiting the fundamental observation that most of the generated register values are used by the instructions in close proximity to the instruction producing a value. Our first technique disables the RAT lookup for a source register if that register is a destination of an earlier instruction dispatched in the same cycle. The second technique eliminates some of the remaining RAT read accesses even if the source register value is produced by an instruction dispatched in an earlier cycle. This is done by buffering a small number of recent register address translations in a set of external latches and satisfying some RAT lookup requests from these latches. The net result of applying both techniques is a 30% reduction in the RAT energy with no performance penalty, little additional complexity and no cycle time degradation.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationIntegrated Circuit and System Design. Power and Timing Modeling, Optimization and Simulation
Subtitle of host publication13th International Workshop, PATMOS 2003, Turin, Italy, September 10-12, 2003. Proceedings
EditorsJorge Juan Chico, Enrico Macii
Place of PublicationBerlin, Heidelberg
PublisherSpringer Berlin Heidelberg
Pages219-228
Number of pages10
ISBN (Electronic)978-3-540-39762-5
ISBN (Print)978-3-540-20074-1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2003

Publication series

NameLecture Notes in Computer Science
PublisherSpringer Berlin Heidelberg
Volume2799
ISSN (Print)0302-9743

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