Engaging Research with Policy and Action: What are the Challenges of Responding to Zoonotic Disease in Africa?

Kevin Bardosh, Jake Scoones, Delia Grace, Gladys Kalema-Zikusoka, Kate E. Jones, Katinka de Balogh, David Waltner-Toews, Bernard Bett, Susan Welburn, Elizabeth Mumford, Vupenyu Dzingirai

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Zoonotic diseases will maintain a high level of public policy attention in the coming decades. From the spectre of a global pandemic to anxieties over agricultural change, urbanization, social inequality and threats to natural ecosystems, effectively preparing and responding to endemic and emerging diseases will require technological, institutional and social innovation. Much current discussion emphasizes the need for a ‘One Health’ approach: bridging disciplines and sectors to tackle these complex dynamics. However, as attention has increased, so too has an appreciation of the practical challenges in linking multi-disciplinary, multi-sectoral research with policy, action and impact. In this commentary paper, we reflect on these issues with particular reference to the African sub-continent. We structure the themes of our analysis on the existing literature, expert opinion and 11 interviews with leading One Health scholars and practitioners, conducted at an international symposium in 2016. We highlight a variety of challenges in research and knowledge production, in the difficult terrain of implementation and outreach, and in the politicized nature of decision-making and priority setting. We then turn our attention to a number of strategies that might help reconfigure current pathways and accepted norms of practice. These include: (i) challenging scientific expertise; (ii) strengthening national multi-sectoral coordination; (iii) building on what works; and (iv) re-framing policy narratives. We argue that bridging the research-policy-action interface in Africa, and better connecting zoonoses, ecosystems and well-being in the twenty-first century, will ultimately require greater attention to the democratization of science and public policy.
Original languageEnglish
JournalPhilosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B: Biological Sciences
Early online date5 Jun 2017
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 19 Jul 2017

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