Engineering of CRISPR/Cas9-mediated potyvirus resistance in transgene-free Arabidopsis plants

Douglas Pyott, Emma Sheehan , Attila Molnar

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Members of the eukaryotic translation initiation factor (eIF) gene family including eIF4E, and its paralogue, eIF(iso)4E, have previously been identified as recessive resistance alleles against various Potyviruses in a range of different hosts. However, identification and introgression of these alleles into important crop species is often limited. In this study, we utilise CRISPR/Cas9 technology to introduce sequence-specific deleterious point mutations at the eIF(iso)4E locus in Arabidopsis thaliana to successfully engineer complete resistance to Turnip Mosaic Virus (TuMV), a major pathogen in field grown vegetable crops. By segregating the induced mutation from the CRISPR/Cas9 transgene, we outline a framework for producing heritable, homozygous mutations in transgene-free T2 generation in self-pollinating species. Analysis of dry weights and flowering times for four independent T3 lines revealed no differences to wild type plants under standard growth conditions, suggesting that homozygous mutations in eIF(iso)4E does not affect plant vigour. Thus the established CRISPR/Cas9 technology provides a new approach for generating Potyvirus resistance alleles in important crops without the use of persistent transgenes.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1276–1288
Number of pages29
JournalMolecular Plant Pathology
Volume17
Issue number8
Early online date21 Apr 2016
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Oct 2016

Keywords

  • CRISPR/Cas9
  • potyvirus
  • eIF(iso)4E
  • TuMV
  • virus resistance
  • transgene-free

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