Enhanced Recovery After Surgery (ERAS) for gastrointestinal surgery, part 1: pathophysiological considerations

M. J. Scott, G. Baldini, K. C. H. Fearon, A. Feldheiser, L. S. Feldman, T. J. Gan, O. Ljungqvist, D. N. Lobo, T. A. Rockall, T. Schricker, F. Carli*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalLiterature reviewpeer-review

Abstract

BackgroundThe present article has been written to convey concepts of anaesthetic care within the context of an Enhanced Recovery After Surgery (ERAS) programme, thus aligning the practice of anaesthesia with the care delivered by the surgical team before, during and after surgery.

MethodsThe physiological principles supporting the implementation of the ERAS programmes in patients undergoing major abdominal procedures are reviewed using an updated literature search and discussed by a multidisciplinary group composed of anaesthesiologists and surgeons with the aim to improve perioperative care.

ResultsThe pathophysiology of some key perioperative elements disturbing the homoeostatic mechanisms such as insulin resistance, ileus and pain is here discussed.

ConclusionsEvidence-based strategies aimed at controlling the disruption of homoeostasis need to be evaluated in the context of ERAS programmes. Anaesthesiologists could, therefore, play a crucial role in facilitating the recovery process.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1212-1231
Number of pages20
JournalActa anaesthesiologica Scandinavica
Volume59
Issue number10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2015

Keywords

  • PREOPERATIVE ORAL CARBOHYDRATE
  • RANDOMIZED-CONTROLLED-TRIALS
  • POSTOPERATIVE COGNITIVE DYSFUNCTION
  • ERAS((R)) SOCIETY RECOMMENDATIONS
  • LAPAROSCOPIC COLORECTAL SURGERY
  • MAJOR ABDOMINAL-SURGERY
  • CRITICALLY-ILL PATIENTS
  • ARTERY-BYPASS SURGERY
  • INSULIN-RESISTANCE
  • PERIOPERATIVE CARE

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