Environmental dependence of active galactic nuclei activity in the supercluster A901/2

R. Gilmour, M. E. Gray, O. Almaini, P. Best, C. Wolf, K. Meisenheimer, C. Papovich, E. Bell

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

We present XMM data for the supercluster A901/ 2, at z similar to 0.17, which is combined with deep imaging and 17- band photometric redshifts ( from the COMBO- 17 survey), two degree field ( 2dF) spectra and Spitzer 24 mu m data, to identify active galactic nuclei ( AGN) in the supercluster. The 90 ksec XMM image contains 139 point sources, of which 11 are identified as supercluster AGN with LX(0.5- 7.5 keV) > 1.7 x 10(41) erg cm(-2) s(-1). The host galaxies have M-R < - 20 and only two of eight sources with spectra could have been identified as AGN by the detected optical emission lines. Using a large sample of 795 supercluster galaxies, we define control samples of massive galaxies with no detected AGN. The local environments of the AGN and control samples differ at greater than or similar to 98 per cent significance. The AGN host galaxies lie predominantly in areas of moderate projected galaxy density and with more local blue galaxies than the control sample, with the exception of one very bright type I AGN very near the centre of a cluster. These environments are similar to, but not limited to, cluster outskirts and blue groups. Despite the large number of potential host galaxies, no AGN are found in regions with the highest galaxy density ( excluding some cluster cores where emission from the intra- cluster medium obscures moderate luminosity AGN). AGN are also absent from the areas with lowest galaxy density. We conclude that the prevalence of cluster AGN is linked to their environment.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1467-1487
Number of pages21
JournalMonthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society
Volume380
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Oct 2007

Keywords

  • galaxies : active
  • galaxies : clusters
  • individual : A901/2
  • DIGITAL SKY SURVEY
  • X-RAY SOURCES
  • CHANDRA MULTIWAVELENGTH PROJECT
  • XMM-NEWTON OBSERVATION
  • GALAXY REDSHIFT SURVEY
  • DEEP FIELD-SOUTH
  • STAR-FORMATION
  • CLUSTER GALAXIES
  • HOST GALAXIES
  • LUMINOSITY FUNCTION

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