Epitope-specific regulation of immunoglobulin class switching in mice immunized with malarial merozoite surface proteins

Jon Eric Tongren, Patrick H Corran, William Jarra, Jean Langhorne, Eleanor M Riley

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract / Description of output

Antibodies that bind to Fc receptors and activate complement are implicated in the efficient control of pathogens, but the processes that regulate their induction are still not well understood. To investigate antigen-dependent factors that regulate class switching, we have developed an in vivo model of class switching to immunoglobulin G2b (IgG2b) using the malaria antigen Plasmodium falciparum merozoite surface protein 2 (MSP2). C57BL/6 mice were immunized with recombinant proteins representing discrete domains of MSP2, and a T-cell epitope (C8) was identified within the conserved C terminus of the protein that preferentially induces IgG2b antibodies. The ability of C8 to induce IgG2b is ablated in both homozygous gamma interferon-negative and interleukin 10-negative mice. The IgG2b-inducing properties of C8 override the IgG1-inducing properties of both the fusion protein partner, glutathione S-transferase, and the adjuvant. Furthermore, when attached to other proteins that normally induce IgG1 responses, C8 induces a switch to IgG2b secretion. This is the first description of a defined T-cell epitope that drives specific IgG2b subclass switching, and our data offer proof of the concept that chimeric vaccines incorporating specific T-cell "switch epitopes" might be used to enhance qualitative aspects of the antibody response.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)8119-29
Number of pages11
JournalInfection and Immunity
Volume73
Issue number12
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2005

Keywords / Materials (for Non-textual outputs)

  • Amino Acid Sequence
  • Animals
  • Antigens, Protozoan/immunology
  • Cell Proliferation
  • Conserved Sequence
  • Cytokines/metabolism
  • Epitopes, T-Lymphocyte/immunology
  • Homozygote
  • Immunization
  • Immunoglobulin Class Switching/immunology
  • Immunoglobulin G/genetics
  • Interferon-gamma/genetics
  • Interleukin-10/genetics
  • Malaria Vaccines/genetics
  • Mice
  • Mice, Inbred C57BL
  • Peptides/immunology
  • Protein Structure, Tertiary
  • Protozoan Proteins/immunology
  • Recombinant Proteins/immunology
  • Spleen/cytology

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