Essential Function of Dicer in Resolving DNA Damage in the Rapidly Dividing Cells of the Developing and Malignant Cerebellum

Vijay Swahari, Ayumi Nakamura, Jeanette Baran-Gale, Idoia Garcia, Andrew J Crowther, Robert Sons, Timothy R Gershon, Scott Hammond, Praveen Sethupathy, Mohanish Deshmukh

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Maintenance of genomic integrity is critical during neurodevelopment, particularly in rapidly dividing cerebellar granule neuronal precursors that experience constitutive replication-associated DNA damage. As Dicer was recently recognized to have an unexpected function in the DNA damage response, we examined whether Dicer was important for preserving genomic integrity in the developing brain. We report that deletion of Dicer in the developing mouse cerebellum resulted in the accumulation of DNA damage leading to cerebellar progenitor degeneration, which was rescued with p53 deficiency; deletion of DGCR8 also resulted in similar DNA damage and cerebellar degeneration. Dicer deficiency also resulted in DNA damage and death in other rapidly dividing cells including embryonic stem cells and the malignant cerebellar progenitors in a mouse model of medulloblastoma. Together, these results identify an essential function of Dicer in resolving the spontaneous DNA damage that occurs during the rapid proliferation of developmental progenitors and malignant cells.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)216-24
Number of pages9
JournalCell Reports
Volume14
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 12 Jan 2016

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