We have used genealogies and genomic polymorphisms to estimate individual inbreeding coefficients (F) in 50 subjects with an expected range (based on recent genealogies) of F from 0.0 to 0.0625. The estimates were based on two approaches, using genotypes respectively from 410 microsatellite markers (410-STR panel) and from 10,000 SNPs (10K-SNP panel). The latter was performed in a sub-sample of 15 individuals. We concluded that for both marker panels measures of inbreeding based on the excess of homozygosity over Hardy-Weinberg expectation were not closely correlated with 4-5 generation genealogical F-values. For the 10K-SNP panel we found two alternative measures which correlated more closely with F, based respectively on standard errors and on paired homozygosity of nearby SNPs over distances of 2-4 cM. We propose an empirical method for estimating standard errors and hence individual F-values, based on the variation between individual autosomes. This method could provide useful estimates of average F-values for groups of individuals in population-based studies of the effects of inbreeding/homozygosity on quantitative traits.