The detection of low affinity interactions between proteins and ligands by biophysical methods is challenging. It is often necessary to use competition methods that are time consuming and require well characterized known binders. A mass spectrometry approach is presented for identifying low affinity protein-ligand binding which does not require direct detection of the parent protein-ligand complex but depends on characteristic changes observed in the protein mass spectrum. We observe that on titration of ligand there are characteristic 'charge-state shifts' which manifest as changes in the relative intensities of protein peaks that correlate with the degree of protein-ligand complex formation. We suggest that use of this phenomenon will be particularly suitable for the identification of low affinity complexes where the intensity of any complex ion would be close to noise.
|Number of pages||4|
|Journal||Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications|
|Publication status||Published - Dec 2010|