Estimating the affinity of protein-ligand complex from changes to the charge-state distribution of a protein in electrospray ionization mass spectrometry

Elizabeth A Blackburn, John K F Maclean, Bradley S Sherborne, Malcolm D Walkinshaw

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

The detection of low affinity interactions between proteins and ligands by biophysical methods is challenging. It is often necessary to use competition methods that are time consuming and require well characterized known binders. A mass spectrometry approach is presented for identifying low affinity protein-ligand binding which does not require direct detection of the parent protein-ligand complex but depends on characteristic changes observed in the protein mass spectrum. We observe that on titration of ligand there are characteristic 'charge-state shifts' which manifest as changes in the relative intensities of protein peaks that correlate with the degree of protein-ligand complex formation. We suggest that use of this phenomenon will be particularly suitable for the identification of low affinity complexes where the intensity of any complex ion would be close to noise.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)190-3
Number of pages4
JournalBiochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
Volume403
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2010

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