Europe

R. Sari Kovats, Riccardo Valentini, Laurens M. Bouwer, Elena Georgopoulou, Daniela Jacob, Eric Martin, Mark Rounsevell, Jean Francois Soussana

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Abstract / Description of output

This chapter reviews the scientific evidence published since the IPCC Fourth Assessment Report (AR4) on observed and projected impacts of anthropogenic climate change in Europe and adaptation responses. The geographical scope of this chapter is the same as in AR4 with the inclusion of Turkey. Thus, the European region includes all countries from Iceland in the west to the Russian Federation (west of the Urals) and the Caspian Sea in the east, and from the northern shores of the Mediterranean and Black Seas and the Caucasus in the south to the Arctic Ocean in the north. Impacts above the Arctic Circle are addressed in Chapter 28 and impacts in the Baltic and Mediterranean Seas in Chapter 30. Impacts in Malta, Cyprus, and other island states in Europe are discussed in Chapter 29. The European region has been divided into five sub-regions (see Figure 23-1): Atlantic, Alpine, Southern, Northern, and Continental. The sub-regions are derived by aggregating the climate zones developed by Metzger et al. (2005) and therefore represent geographical and ecological zones rather than political boundaries. The scientific evidence has been evaluated to compare impacts across (rather than within) sub-regions, although this was not always possible depending on the scientific information available. 23.1.1. Scope and Route Map of Chapter, The chapter is structured around key policy areas. Sections 23.3 to 23.6 summarize the latest scientific evidence on sensitivity climate, observed impacts and attribution, projected impacts, and adaptation options, with respect to four main categories of impacts: • Production systems and physical infrastructure • Agriculture, fisheries, forestry, and bioenergy production • Health protection and social welfare • Protection of environmental quality and biological conservation The benefit of assessing evidence in a regional chapter is that impacts across sectors can be described, and interactions between impacts can be identified. Further, the cross-sectoral decision making required to address climate change can be reviewed. The chapter also includes sections that were not in AR4.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationClimate Change 2014
Subtitle of host publicationImpacts, Adaptation and Vulnerability: Part B: Regional Aspects: Working Group II Contribution to the Fifth Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change
PublisherCambridge University Press, Australia
Pages1267-1326
Number of pages60
ISBN (Electronic)9781107415386
ISBN (Print)9781107058163
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2015

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