European Union Symbols under Threat: Identity Considerations

Laura Cram, Stratos Patrikios

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter


This chapter discusses how experimental research using implicit visual cues can offer unique insights into the nature and consequences of territorial attachments in multi-level polities such as the European Union; how exposure to threat might impact on attitudes to the European Union; and how recent empirical efforts to illustrate the interaction of these two effects – exposure to visual stimuli and threat – point to a new research direction for students of European identity. The conclusion proposes empirical applications that extend recent research.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationEuropean identity revisited
Subtitle of host publicationnew approaches and recent empirical evidence
EditorsViktoria Kaina, Ireneusz Pawel Karolewski, Sebastian Kuhn
Place of PublicationLondon
Number of pages10
ISBN (Print)978-1-138-88636-0
Publication statusPublished - 2016


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