Evaluating the Potential of Hosting Capacity Enhancement Using Integrated Grid Planning Modelling Methods

Syahrul nizam Bin Md Saad, Adriaan Van Der Weijde

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Connectionofasignificantamountofdistributedgeneration,suchassolarphotovoltaic (PV) capacity may lead to problems in distribution networks due to violations of distribution network hosting capacity (HC) limits. HC enhancement techniques such as energy storage could increase the allowable PV penetration level in the distribution network, reducing the need for transmission and large-scale generation expansion. However, current approaches for transmission and generation expansion planning do not account for distribution network HC limits. As a consequence, it is hard to quantify the impact and benefits of HC enhancement in the context of long-term grid expansion planning. This paper presents a novel integrated planning approach, combining a two-stage transmission and generation expansion planning model with a distribution network hosting capacity assessment, which allows for inclusion of detailed distribution network constraints We test this method on a stylized representation of the Malaysian grid. Our results show that distribution constraints have a significant impact on optimal transmission expansion plans and significantly increase overall system costs. HC enhancement in the form of battery storage does not significantly mitigate this, but does lead to a cost decrease regardless of distribution network constraints. We also show how our approach can identify the key interactions between transmission and distribution networks in systems with high levels of renewable and storage technologies. In particular, HC enhancement with battery storage can act as a substitute or complement to line investment, depending on the renewable energy penetration, the storage location, and the level of coordination in the network.
Original languageEnglish
JournalEnergies
Volume12
Issue number19
Early online date21 Sep 2019
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 21 Sep 2019

Keywords

  • distributed solar PV
  • distributed generation
  • hosting capacity
  • hosting capacity enhancement
  • integrated grid planning
  • Malaysia
  • Renewable Energy
  • Storage

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