Evaluation of local measurement-driven adjustments of modelled cloud-free atmospheric photolysis rate coefficients

Hannah L. Walker, Mathew R. Heal, Christine F. Braban, Lisa K. Whalley, Marsailidh M. Twigg

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract / Description of output

Photolysis rate constants (j-values) play a crucial role in atmospheric chemistry modelling, but capturing the variability in local conditions needed for their accurate simulation is computationally challenging. One approach is to adjust modelled clear-sky estimates using ratios of measured-to-modelled j-values of a reference photolysis, typically j(NO2) or j(O1D). However, application of such adjustments to other photolysis reactions introduces uncertainty. Using spectral radiometer data from the UK, this study examines how hourly measurement driven adjustment factors (MDAF) across a set of 12 photolysis reactions group together using cluster analysis, and evaluates the uncertainties in using j(NO2) and j(O1D)-derived MDAF values to adjust modelled j-values of other photolysis reactions. The NO2-MDAF reference is suitable for adjusting photolysis reactions that absorb at λ >360 nm (HONO, methylglyoxal, ClNO2, ClONO2Cl), which are largely independent of solar zenith angle and total ozone column (<31% error). In particular, NO2-MDAF is a good reference for j(HONO) and j(ClNO2). The O1D-MDAF performed better at adjusting modelled j-values for species that predominantly photodissociate at  <350 nm, such as HNO3, H2O2, CH3CHO, HCHOH, HCHOH2 and ClONO2ClO (errors ≤30%). However, j(O1D) radiometers require more data processing to account for local conditions. The maximum error determined using NO2-MDAF was within a factor of two (91% for j(H2O2)), which may still be acceptable in some instances. It is important that MDAFs are used to improve accuracy and uncertainty in simulated j-values caused by variation in local conditions.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1411-1427
Number of pages17
JournalEnvironmental Science: Atmospheres
Volume2
Early online date30 Aug 2022
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 10 Nov 2022

Keywords / Materials (for Non-textual outputs)

  • j-value
  • atmospheric photolysis
  • j(NO2)
  • j(O1D)
  • Chilbolton Observatory

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