Evaluation of polypropylene hollow-fiber prototype bioreactor for bioartificial liver

Anwar Azad Palakkan, Deepa K Raj, Jose Rojan, Sajin Raj R G, P R Anil Kumar, C V Muraleedharan, T V Kumary

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Hepatocytes in high density are a requisite for the functional performance of complex devices such as bioartificial liver (BAL). In addition to high cell number, efficient mass transfer is also a key parameter in such devices. High-density culture of cells and efficient mass transfer can be achieved in BAL with hollow-fiber-based bioreactors. Even though different types of hollow fibers have been tried in a BAL, prospects of using polypropylene hollow fibers are not well evaluated. In this study, a prototype of bioreactor with polypropylene hollow fibers was fabricated and evaluated for cytotoxicity and hepatocyte function. High density of HepG2/adult hepatocyte cultures was used to evaluate polypropylene hollow fiber to support the biochemical activities (albumin and urea production), ammonia detoxification, and gene expression and to provide effective oxygenation. The results confirmed that a polypropylene hollow-fiber prototype bioreactor is able to provide efficient oxygenation and supported hepatocyte functions in a high-density culture.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1056-66
Number of pages11
JournalTissue Engineering, Part A
Issue number9-10
Publication statusPublished - May 2013


  • Animals
  • Bioreactors
  • Cell Cycle
  • Cell Survival
  • Cells, Cultured
  • Hep G2 Cells
  • Hepatocytes
  • Humans
  • Liver, Artificial
  • Male
  • Polypropylenes
  • Rats
  • Rats, Wistar


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