The objective of this study was to evaluate the expression of the immunoregulatory and pro-inflammatory cytokines interleukin (IL)-2, IL-4, IL-6, IL-12p35, IL-12p40, interferon-gamma (IFN-gamma), and turnout necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha), and the expression of the predominantly immunosuppressive cytokines transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-beta) and IL-10 in canine idiopathic lymphocytic-plasmacytic colitis (LPC). Semi-quantitative reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reactions were performed using specific primers on RNA isolated from the colonic mucosa of healthy dogs, dogs with clinical signs of large intestinal disease but normal histopathology of the colon, and dogs with LPC. Canine LPC was associated with overexpression of IL-2 compared to healthy colonic mucosa (p<0.01) and the mucosa of dogs with large intestinal diarrhoea but normal histopathology (p<0.05). Higher levels of TNF-alpha mRNA were also seen in LPC compared to healthy mucosa (p<0.05). These results indicate that LPC is associated with activation of CD4+ T-helper lymphocytes and increased production of T-helper-1-type cytokines. (C) 2002 Elsevier Science B.V. All rights reserved.
|Number of pages||10|
|Journal||Veterinary Immunology and Immunopathology|
|Publication status||Published - Jul 2002|