Evaluation of triploid<->diploid and trisomy-3<->diploid mouse chimeras as models for investigating how lineage restriction occurs in confined placental mosaicism

Clare A Everett, Margaret A Keighren, Jean H Flockhart, John D West

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Human confined placental mosaicism (CPM), where the placental trophoblast is mosaic for a chromosome abnormality but the fetus is chromosomally normal, can cause problems for prenatal diagnosis, but its causes are poorly understood. Tetraploid<-->diploid chimeras provide a model for the development of one type of CPM, but animal models for other types of restricted mosaicism are needed. The objective of the present study was to evaluate triploid<-->diploid and trisomy-3<-->diploid chimeric mouse conceptuses as new models for investigating the development of restricted mosaicism. Novel stocks of mice were generated to produce triploid and trisomy-3 embryos that could be identified by DNA in situ hybridisation to a chromosome 3 transgenic marker. Triploid<-->diploid and trisomy-3<-->diploid mouse chimeras were produced by embryo aggregation, and the contribution of triploid or trisomy-3 cells was analysed in the fetus and extraembryonic tissues. Only two trisomy-3<-->diploid chimeras were analysed but trisomy-3 cells contributed well to all lineages, so these chimeras did not show restricted mosaicism. In contrast, triploid cells usually contributed poorly to all lineages in the ten 3n<-->2n chimeras analysed. They contributed more to the primitive endoderm derivatives than other lineages and were present in the primitive endoderm derivatives of all ten chimeras, but excluded from fetuses and trophectoderm derivatives in some cases. This pattern of restricted mosaicism differs from that reported for tetraploid cells in tetraploid<-->diploid chimeras, and triploid<-->diploid chimeras may provide a useful model for the development of some types of restricted mosaicism in human conceptuses.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)799-809
Number of pages11
JournalReproduction
Volume134
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2007

Keywords

  • Animals
  • Breeding
  • Cell Lineage
  • Chimera
  • Diploidy
  • Extraembryonic Membranes
  • Female
  • Fetus
  • In Situ Hybridization
  • Male
  • Mice
  • Mice, Inbred Strains
  • Models, Animal
  • Mosaicism
  • Placenta
  • Ploidies
  • Pregnancy
  • Trisomy
  • Trophoblasts

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