Evolution of clustering length, large-scale bias, and host halo mass at 2 <z <5 in the VIMOS Ultra Deep Survey (VUDS)*,**

A. Durkalec, O. Le Fèvre, A. Pollo, S. de la Torre, P. Cassata, B. Garilli, V. Le Brun, B. C. Lemaux, D. Maccagni, L. Pentericci, L. A. M. Tasca, R. Thomas, E. Vanzella, G. Zamorani, E. Zucca, R. Amorín, S. Bardelli, L. P. Cassarà, M. Castellano, A. CimattiO. Cucciati, A. Fontana, M. Giavalisco, A. Grazian, N. P. Hathi, O. Ilbert, S. Paltani, B. Ribeiro, D. Schaerer, M. Scodeggio, V. Sommariva, M. Talia, L. Tresse, D. Vergani, P. Capak, S. Charlot, T. Contini, J. G. Cuby, J. Dunlop, S. Fotopoulou, A. Koekemoer, C. López-Sanjuan, Y. Mellier, J. Pforr, M. Salvato, N. Scoville, Y. Taniguchi, P. W. Wang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


We investigate the evolution of galaxy clustering for galaxies in the redshift range 2.0 <z< 5.0 using the VIMOS Ultra Deep Survey (VUDS). We present the projected (real-space) two-point correlation function wp(rp) measured by using 3022 galaxies with robust spectroscopic redshifts in two independent fields (COSMOS and VVDS-02h) covering in total 0.8deg2. We quantify how the scale dependent clustering amplitude r0 changes with redshift making use of mock samples to evaluate and correct the survey selection function. Using a power-law model ξ(r) = (r/r0)− γ we find that the correlation function for the general population is best fit by a model with a clustering length r0 = 3.95+0.48-0.54 h-1 Mpc and slope γ = 1.8+0.02-0.06 at z ~ 2.5, r0 = 4.35 ± 0.60 h-1 Mpc and γ = 1.6+0.12-0.13 at z ~ 3.5. We use these clustering parameters to derive the large-scale linear galaxy bias bLPL, between galaxies and dark matter. We find bLPL = 2.68 ± 0.22 at redshift z ~ 3 (assuming σ8 = 0.8), significantly higher than found at intermediate and low redshifts for the similarly general galaxy populations. We fit a halo occupation distribution (HOD) model to the data and we obtain that the average halo mass at redshift z ~ 3 is Mh = 1011.75 ± 0.23 h-1M⊙. From this fit we confirm that the large-scale linear galaxy bias is relatively high at bLHOD = 2.82 ± 0.27. Comparing these measurements with similar measurements at lower redshifts we infer that the star-forming population of galaxies at z ~ 3 should evolve into the massive and bright (Mr< −21.5)galaxy population, which typically occupy haloes of mass ⟨ Mh ⟩ = 1013.9 h-1M⊙ at redshift z = 0.
Original languageEnglish
Article numberA128
Number of pages19
JournalAstronomy & Astrophysics
Issue numberNov 2015
Early online date4 Nov 2015
Publication statusPublished - 4 Nov 2015


  • large-scale structure of Universe
  • cosmology: observations
  • methods: statistical
  • galaxies: evolution


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