Evolution of the Cenozoic Tarim Basin by flexural subsidence and sediment ponding: insights from quantitative basin modelling

Chao Li, ShengLi Wang, Mark Naylor, Hugh Sinclair, LiangShu Wang

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Abstract / Description of output

The Tarim Basin became a closed continental sedimentary basin in the Cenozoic due to uplift of the western Kunlun, Tian Shan and the Altyn Tagh ranges in the context of the Indian-Asia collision. A north-northeast trending seismic profile across the basin reveals that Cenozoic strata comprise a wedge of sediments in the southern and northern regions generated by flexural subsidence overlain by a more uniform regional sediment drape. We obtain the subsidence profiles across the basin at ∼26 Ma, ∼13 Ma, ∼5 Ma and the present day using backstripping based on the sedimentary architecture shown in the seismic profile. We use a numerical finite elastic plate to model these subsidence profiles. Our modelling indicates that the southern and northern flexural depressions started to interfere to form a single flexural bulge within the basin since late Paleogene times. The flexural bulge migrated ∼52 km toward the western Kunlun range since ∼26 Ma, reflecting a decrease in the ratio of loads of the western Kunlun range versus the Tian Shan. We separate the sediment drape from the flexural subsidence according to the preceding modelling results. Our separating demonstrates that the thickness of the drape increased from 230 ± 30 m at ∼26 Ma to 1910 ± 200 m at present, occupying ∼30% of Cenozoic strata in the profile. The rise in the base level since the Paleogene is estimated as 356 ± 80 m by correcting for sediment loading of the drape. We adopt a decreasing basin width to model the evolution of the flexural subsidence, suggesting significant uplifting of the western Kunlun range and the Tian Shan from ∼26 Ma to ∼13 Ma, relative stable elevations in these ranges from ∼13 Ma to ∼5 Ma, and their rapid uplifts since ∼5 Ma.
Original languageEnglish
JournalMarine and Petroleum Geology
Volume112
Early online date14 Sept 2019
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2020

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