Evolutionarily Conserved Herpesviral Protein Interaction Networks

Even Fossum, Caroline C. Friedel, Seesandra V. Rajagopala, Bjoern Titz, Armin Baiker, Tina Schmidt, Theo Kraus, Thorsten Stellberger, Christiane Rutenberg, Silpa Suthram, Sourav Bandyopadhyay, Dietlind Rose, Albrecht von Brunn, Mareike Uhlmann, Christine Zeretzke, Yu-An Dong, Helene Boulet, Manfred Koegl, Susanne M. Bailer, Ulrich KoszinowskiTrey Ideker, Peter Uetz, Ralf Zimmer, Juergen Haas

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Herpesviruses constitute a family of large DNA viruses widely spread in vertebrates and causing a variety of different diseases. They possess dsDNA genomes ranging from 120 to 240 kbp encoding between 70 to 170 open reading frames. We previously reported the protein interaction networks of two herpesviruses, varicella-zoster virus (VZV) and Kaposi's sarcoma-associated herpesvirus ( KSHV). In this study, we systematically tested three additional herpesvirus species, herpes simplex virus 1 (HSV-1), murine cytomegalovirus and Epstein-Barr virus, for protein interactions in order to be able to perform a comparative analysis of all three herpesvirus subfamilies. We identified 735 interactions by genome-wide yeast-two-hybrid screens (Y2H), and, together with the interactomes of VZV and KSHV, included a total of 1,007 intraviral protein interactions in the analysis. Whereas a large number of interactions have not been reported previously, we were able to identify a core set of highly conserved protein interactions, like the interaction between HSV-1 UL33 with the nuclear egress proteins UL31/UL34. Interactions were conserved between orthologous proteins despite generally low sequence similarity, suggesting that function may be more conserved than sequence. By combining interactomes of different species we were able to systematically address the low coverage of the Y2H system and to extract biologically relevant interactions which were not evident from single species.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere1000570
Pages (from-to)-
Number of pages13
JournalPLoS Pathogens
Volume5
Issue number9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sep 2009

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