Exchange nailing for femoral diaphyseal fracture non-unions

Jerry Tsang, Leanora Mills, James P. Baren, Joseph Frantzias, John F. Keating, Hamish Simpson

Research output: Contribution to journalMeeting abstractpeer-review

Abstract / Description of output

The aim of this study was to identify risk factors for failure of exchange nailing for femoral diaphyseal fracture non-unions. The study cohort comprised 40 patients with femoral diaphyseal non-unions treated by exchange nailing. The main outcome measures were union, number of secondary fixation procedures required to achieve union and time to union. Univariate analysis and multiple regression were used to identify risk factors for failure to achieve union. The mean age of the patients at exchange nail surgery was 37 years. The median time to exchange nailing from primary fixation was 8.4 months. Multiple causes for non-union were found in 14 (35.0%) cases, with infection present in 12 (30.0%) patients. Further exchange procedures were required in nine (22.5%) cases, one patient (2.5%) required the use of another fixation modality, to achieve union. Union was ultimately achieved in 35 (94.5%) patients. The median time to union was 9.4 months after the exchange nail procedure. Univariate analysis confirmed that cigarette smoking and infection were predictive of failure (p<0.05). Multi-regression analysis found that Gustilo-Anderson grade, presence of dead bone or a gap and infection were predictive of exchange nail failure (p <0.05). Exchange nailing is an effective treatment for aseptic femoral diaphyseal fracture non-union. Patients with infection required more than one procedure. Smoking, infection and the presence of dead-bone or a gap at the fracture site were associated with an increased risk of further fixation surgery.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)8
Number of pages1
JournalOrthopaedic Proceedings
Publication statusPublished - 12 May 2015


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