Exophoric VP Ellipsis

Phillip Miller, Geoffrey K Pullum

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter (peer-reviewed)


The question addressed in this paper emerged 35 years ago out of a classic paper by Jorge Hankamer and Ivan Sag (1976) and a response to it (Schachter 1977; see also Schachter 1978).1 Hankamer & Sag drew adistinction between deep anaphora and surface anaphora.A central claim of their paper was that deep anaphoric devices can be used either endophorically (i.e. anaphorically if linked to an earlier an-tecedent or cataphorically if the antecedent follows) or exophorically (with no linguistic antecedent). Exophoric uses are interpreted either through ostension or via inference from the nonlinguistic context. Sur-face anaphoric devices, on the other hand, were claimed to require endophoric linkage to an antecedent identical in form (with the excep-tion of minor inflectional variation) to the material that is ellipted or pronominalized away.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationThe Core and the Periphery
Subtitle of host publicationData-Driven Perspectives on Syntax Inspired by Ivan A. Sag
EditorsPhilip Hofmeister, Elizabeth Norcliffe
PublisherCSLI Publications
Number of pages28
ISBN (Print)1575867214
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2014

Publication series

NameCenter for the study of Language and Information Lecture Notes

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