The question addressed in this paper emerged 35 years ago out of a classic paper by Jorge Hankamer and Ivan Sag (1976) and a response to it (Schachter 1977; see also Schachter 1978).1 Hankamer & Sag drew adistinction between deep anaphora and surface anaphora.A central claim of their paper was that deep anaphoric devices can be used either endophorically (i.e. anaphorically if linked to an earlier an-tecedent or cataphorically if the antecedent follows) or exophorically (with no linguistic antecedent). Exophoric uses are interpreted either through ostension or via inference from the nonlinguistic context. Sur-face anaphoric devices, on the other hand, were claimed to require endophoric linkage to an antecedent identical in form (with the excep-tion of minor inﬂectional variation) to the material that is ellipted or pronominalized away.
|Title of host publication||The Core and the Periphery|
|Subtitle of host publication||Data-Driven Perspectives on Syntax Inspired by Ivan A. Sag|
|Editors||Philip Hofmeister, Elizabeth Norcliffe|
|Number of pages||28|
|Publication status||Published - Apr 2014|
|Name||Center for the study of Language and Information Lecture Notes|