Exotic Hydrogen Bonding in Compressed Ammonia Hydrides

Xianqi Song, Ketao Yin, Yanchao Wang, Andreas Hermann, Jian Lv, Quan Li, Changfeng Chen, Yanming Ma

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Hydrogen-rich compounds attract significant fundamental and practical interest for their ability to accommodate diverse hydrogen bonding patterns and their promise as superior energy storage materials. Here we report on an intriguing discovery of exotic hydrogen bonding in compressed ammonia hydrides and identify two novel ionic phases in an unusual stoichiometry NH7. The first is a hexagonal R-3m phase containing NH3–H+–NH3, H− and H2 structural units stabilized above 25 GPa. The exotic NH3–H+–NH3 unit comprises two NH3 molecules bound to a proton donated from a H2 molecule. Above 60 GPa, the structure transforms to a tetragonal P41212 phase comprising NH4+, H− and H2 units. At elevated temperatures, fascinating superionic phases of NH7 with part-solid and part-liquid structural forms are identified. The present findings advance fundamental knowledge about ammonia hydrides at high pressure, with broad implications for studying planetary interiors and superior hydrogen storage materials.
Original languageEnglish
JournalThe Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters
Early online date13 May 2019
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 13 May 2019

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