Experimental study of the burning behaviors of thin-layer pool fires

Jinlong Zhao, Hong Huang, Grunde Jomaas, Maohua Zhong, Rui Yang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The thin-layer burning behaviors of gasoline, including the heat flux feedback to the burning surface, the penetrating thermal radiation, the temperature profile of liquid layer, and the burning rate were studied in experiments of thin-layer pool fires in square, fireproof glass trays. Experiments with four different tray sizes (side lengths of 30 cm, 40 cm, 50 cm and 60 cm) and four different initial liquid thicknesses of 6 mm, 9 mm, 12 mm and 15 mm were conducted. The results indicate that the heat flux feedback from the flame remained approximately constant, except during the ignition and extinguishment periods, and was also independent of the initial fuel thickness. The penetrating thermal radiation, on the other hand, increased with decreasing liquid layer thickness, gradually assuming rapid exponential growth. Furthermore, a boiling layer was formed during the initial burning period and its maximum depth was close to 3.0 mm. Four typical burning phases including pre-heating burning, steady burning, thin-layer burning and extinguishment were identified. The penetrating thermal radiation was the main cause of the burning rate decrease for thin-layer burning. These findings can provide a basis on which to build a real-time burning rate model for thin-layer burning.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)327-334
JournalCombustion and Flame
Early online date24 Apr 2018
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jul 2018


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