Experimental study of tunnel segmental joints subjected to elevated temperature

Zhiguo Yan, Yi Shen*, Hehua Zhu, Yong Lu

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract / Description of output

Segmental joints present a weak link in the tunnel lining both structurally (due to its low stiffness) and non-structurally (high risk of water leakage); therefore the behaviour of the lining joints has a significant effect on the performance of the shield TBM tunnel lining. Segmental joints are thus a particular concern when the tunnel lining is exposed to high temperature in the case of a tunnel fire. This paper presents an experimental study on the behaviour of TBM tunnel joints in fire under different mechanical loading and boundary conditions, and with both the normal reinforced concrete (RC) segments and hybrid fibre reinforced concrete (HFRC) segments. Totally thirteen jointed specimens were constructed at a scale of 1:3 and tested. Eleven specimens were exposed to a HC (Hydrocarbon) curve and mechanically loaded to failure either under-fire or post-fire, while two specimens were tested in ambient temperature to provide benchmark data. The results demonstrate that the initial loading conditions have a significant effect on the jointed segments during and after fire, and this is closely related to different rate of degradation of concrete in different stress state under high temperature. In general, the resistance capacity of both RC and HFRC joints increased with axial force. The use of HFRC material provided good spalling resistance. (C) 2016 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)46-60
Number of pages15
JournalTunnelling and Underground Space Technology
Early online date9 Jan 2016
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2016

Keywords / Materials (for Non-textual outputs)

  • Shield TBM tunnel
  • Lining segmental joints
  • Fire test
  • Hybrid fibre reinforced concrete
  • FIRE


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