Exploring the potential of a school impact on pupil weight status: exploratory factor analysis and repeat cross-sectional study of the National Child Measurement Programme: Exploring school impact on pupil weight status

Andrew Williams, Katrina Mary Wyatt, Craig Anthony Williams, Stuart Logan, William E. Henley

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Schools are common sites for obesity prevention interventions. Although many
theories suggest that the school context influences weight status, there has been little empirical research. The objective of this study was to explore whether features of the school context were consistently and meaningfully associated with pupil weight status (overweight or obese). Exploratory factor analysis of routinely collected data on 319 primary schools in Devon, England, was used to identify possible school-based contextual factors. Repeated cross-sectional multilevel analysis of five years (2006/07-2010/11) of data from the National Child Measurement Programme was then used to test for consistent and meaningful associations. Four school-based contextual factors were derived which ranked schools according to deprivation, location, resource and
prioritisation of physical activity. None of which were meaningfully and consistently associated with pupil weight status, across the five years. The lack of consistent associations between the factors and pupil weight status suggests that the school context is not inherently obesogenic. In contrast, incorporating findings from education research indicates that schools may be equalising weight status, and obesity prevention research, policy and practice might need to address what is happening outside schools and particularly during the school holidays.
Original languageEnglish
Article numbere0145128
Number of pages23
JournalPLoS ONE
Volume10
Issue number12
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 23 Dec 2015

Keywords

  • education, non-professional
  • factor analysis
  • multilevel analysis
  • body weight
  • Child
  • National Child Measurement Programme

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