Exposing Sgr tidal debris behind the Galactic disc with M giants selected in WISE∩2MASS

S. E. Koposov, V. Belokurov, D. B. Zucker, G. F. Lewis, R. A. Ibata, E. W. Olszewski, A. R. Lopez-Sanchez, E. A. Hyde

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


We show that a combination of infrared photometry from WISE and 2MASS surveys can yield highly pure samples of M giant stars. We take advantage of the new WISE∩2MASS M giant selection to trace the Sagittarius (Sgr) trailing tail behind the Galactic disc in the direction of the anticentre. The M giant candidates selected via broad-band photometry are confirmed spectroscopically using AAOmega on the Anglo-Australian Telescope in three fields around the extremity of the Sgr trailing tail in the Southern Galactic hemisphere. We demonstrate that at the Sgr longitude Λ~⊙=204∘⁠, the line-of-sight velocities of the trailing tail starts to deviate from the track of the Law & Majewski model, confirming the prediction of Belokurov et al. This discovery serves to substantiate the measurement of low differential orbital precession of the Sgr stream which in turn may imply diminished dark matter content within 100 kpc.
Original languageEnglish
JournalMonthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society
Early online date2 Dec 2014
Publication statusPublished - 21 Jan 2015


  • astro-ph.GA


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