Expression in a Recombinant Murid Herpesvirus 4 Reveals the In Vivo Transforming Potential of the K1 Open Reading Frame of Kaposi's Sarcoma-Associated Herpesvirus

J Douglas, B Dutia, S Rhind, James P. Stewart, S J Talbot

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Murid herpesvirus 4 (commonly called MHV-68) is closely related to Kaposi's sarcoma-associated herpesvirus (KSHV) and provides an excellent model system for investigating gammaherpesvirus-associated pathogenesis. MHV-76 is a naturally occurring deletion mutant of MHV-68 that lacks 9,538 bp of the left end of the unique portion of the genome encoding nonessential pathogenesis-related genes. The KSHV K1 protein has been shown to transform rodent fibroblasts in vitro and common marmoset T lymphocytes in vivo. Using homologous recombination techniques, we successfully generated recombinants of MHV-76 that encode green fluorescent protein (MHV76-GFP) and KSHV K1 (MHV76-K1). The replication of MHV76-GFP and MHV76-K1 in cell culture was identical to that of MHV-76. However, infection of BALB/c mice via the intranasal route revealed that MHV76-K1 replicated to a 10-fold higher titer than MHV76-GFP in the lungs at day 5 postinfection (p.i.). We observed type 2 pneumocyte proliferation in areas of consolidation and interstitial inflammation of mice infected with MHV76-K1 at day 10 p.i. MHV76-K1 established a 2- to 3-fold higher latent viral load than MHV76-GFP in the spleens of infected mice on days 10 and 14 p.i., although this was 10-fold lower than that established by wild-type MHV-76. A salivary gland tumor was present in one of four mice infected with MHV76-K1, as well as an increased inflammatory response in the lungs at day 120 p.i. compared with that of mice infected with MHV-76 and MHV76-GFP.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)8878-8884
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Virology
Volume78
Issue number16
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2004

Keywords

  • Animals
  • Cell Line
  • Cell Transformation, Viral
  • Cricetinae
  • Disease Models, Animal
  • Female
  • Green Fluorescent Proteins
  • Herpesvirus 8, Human
  • Luminescent Proteins
  • Mice
  • Mice, Inbred BALB C
  • Open Reading Frames
  • Recombination, Genetic
  • Rhadinovirus
  • Viral Proteins

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