Expression of tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinases-1 in the human corpus luteum after luteal rescue

W C Duncan, A S McNeilly, P J Illingworth

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinases-1 (TIMP-1) is a specific inhibitor of a group of proteolytic enzymes known as matrix metalloproteinases. These enzymes have been widely implicated in the process of tissue remodelling. Extensive remodelling occurs in the corpus luteum during luteolysis unless human chorionic gonadotrophin (hCG) is produced by the early conceptus. This study aimed to investigate the expression and localisation of TIMP-1 in human corpora lutea during the luteal phase of the cycle and after luteal rescue with exogenous hCG to mimic the changes of early pregnancy. Human corpora lutea from the early (n = 4), mid- (n = 4) and late (n = 4) luteal phases and after luteal rescue by hCG (n = 4) were obtained at the time of hysterectomy. Expression of TIMP-1 was investigated in these tissues by Western blotting, immunohistochemistry, Northern blotting and in situ hybridisation. Luteal cells of thecal origin were distinguished from those of granulosa origin by immunostaining for 17 alpha-hydroxylase. A 30 kDa protein consistent with TIMP-1 was detected in human corpora lutea. This protein was localised to the granulosa lutein cells in all tissues examined. TIMP-1 mRNA was found in large quantities in all glands examined and this again localised to the granulosa lutein cells. The expression and localisation of TIMP-1 did not change throughout the luteal phase and was not altered by luteal rescue. The function of this uniform expression of TIMP-1 in the corpus luteum is not clear but these data suggest that the inhibition of structural luteolysis during maternal recognition of pregnancy is not mediated by regulation of TIMP-1 expression.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)59-67
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Endocrinology
Volume148
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Jan 1996

Keywords

  • Adult
  • Blotting, Northern
  • Blotting, Western
  • Chorionic Gonadotropin
  • Corpus Luteum
  • Corpus Luteum Maintenance
  • Female
  • Glycoproteins
  • Granulosa Cells
  • Humans
  • Immunohistochemistry
  • In Situ Hybridization
  • Luteal Phase
  • Matrix Metalloproteinase Inhibitors
  • Metalloendopeptidases
  • Middle Aged
  • Pregnancy
  • Tissue Inhibitor of Metalloproteinases

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