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We give a complete structural characterisation of the map implemented by the positive branch of a one-way pattern. Our approach is based on the phase map decomposition (de Beaudrap et al. 2006; de Beaudrap et al. 2008) and leads to some preliminary results on the connection between the column structure of a given unitary and the angles of measurements in a pattern that implements it. Our characterisation highlights the role of entanglement in the efficiency of the simulation of a one-way pattern, and it is a step forward towards a full characterisation of those unitaries that have an efficient one-way model implementation.